Albania, flamuri, foto, key statement by ozone officer
Albania is a country in South-Eastern Europe, in the West of the Balkan Peninsula, between the geographical coordinates: 39 38' latitude and 42 39' longitudes. Albania is almost in the middle of Equator and the North Pole, and covers a surface of 28.748 km2. The climate on the coast is typically Mediterranean with mild, wet winters and warm, sunny, and rather dry summers. Inland conditions vary depending on altitude but the higher areas above 1,500 m are rather cold and frequently snowy in winter; here cold conditions with lying snow may linger into spring. The lowlands have mild winters, averaging about 7°C (45°F). Summer temperatures average 24°C (75°F). In the southern lowlands, temperatures average about 5 °C (9 °F) higher throughout the year. The difference is greater than 5 °C (9 °F) during the summer and somewhat less during the winter. Capital City - Tirana (since 1920) is also the most important city from financial capital point of view, with approximately 793 000 inhabitants, from 3.182 000 inhabitants of Albania. The urban population is 60% and rural population 40%.More than 95% of population are connected to the electricity grid. Socio-Economical Data
Political System - Parliamentary Republic
Albania is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe, World Trade Organization , and one of the founding members of the Union for the Mediterranean etc. Albania formally applied for EU candidate membership on 28 April 2009. Albanian economy is considered as an Economy in transition. The private sector constitutes the major part of GDP. Albania's economy has improved substantially over recent years and has outperformed many other countries in the region. According to the Bank of Albania, in 2008, income per capita was $3,675, expected to reach $4,000 in 2009. In recent years the Albanian economy has improved, and infrastructure development and major reforms in areas such as tax collection, property laws, and business climate are proceeding well. The EU remains, by far, Albania’s main trading partner, providing 60.7% of Albania’s imports and receiving 79.7% of exports for 2008. The currency in Albania is "LEK". Official exchange rate in May 2012 is 1 Euro = 139 LEK.